Millions of international student dream of studying in Canada every year. It’s no wonder, as Canada offers world-class education at affordable prices.
If you’re planning to study in Canada, one of the first things you have to do is to apply for a student visa. The process can seem daunting, but we’re here to help! In this article, we’ll outline everything you need to know about Canada student visa fees.
So if you are an international student and looking to get your study permit in Canada, read on to know more about student visas in Canada.
Yes! Canada is well known for its welcoming and easy immigration policies, and the student visa process is no different. To get a study permit, you’ll need to provide evidence that you have been accepted into a Canadian educational institution, and that you have the financial means to support yourself during your studies.
As long as you can meet these requirements, you should have no problem getting a student visa for Canada.
A student visa for Canada costs CAD$150. This is the standard application fee for all study permit applications.
However, you do have to pay CAD$85 for your biometrics fee. This is a one-time fee that covers the cost of your fingerprints and photo being taken and stored by the Canadian government.
So in total, you’ll be paying CAD$235 for your student visa application.
Please check for the latest and most up to date Canada embassy fees for study visa.
The requirements for a Canadian study permit are very similar to that of a student visa in most developed countries.
To qualify for a study permit, you’ll need to provide
As you can see, the requirements for a student visa in Canada are not very different from other developed countries.
The first step is to get accepted into a DLI. Once you have been accepted, you will need to gather the required documents. These are:
Once you have gathered all of the required documents, you can submit your application online, by mail, or in person at a Canadian visa office.
If you are applying online, you will need to create an account and pay the application fee. You will also need to upload digital copies of all of your supporting documents.
If you are applying by mail, you will need to include all of the required documents with your application, as well as a money order or cheque for the application fee.
Finally, if you are applying in person at a Canadian visa office, you will need to bring all of the required documents, as well as the application fee.
Once you have submitted your application, you will need to wait for a decision to be made on your case.
If your Canadian study permit is approved, you will receive your study permit in the mail. If your application is denied, you will receive a letter explaining why and what your next steps are.
There is no one ‘easy’ way to get a Canadian visa, as each application is assessed on a case-by-case basis. However, there are a few things you can do to increase your chances of getting a study permit.
However, if you have relatives living in Canada, this may increase your chances of getting a study permit as you will be able to demonstrate ties to the country.
Additionally, if you are applying for a short-term program (such as a summer school program), you may have an easier time getting a study permit as there is less of a commitment involved. Especially if you are considered a vistor, rather than an immigrant.
Finally, if you have already been studying in another developed country (such as the US or UK), you may have an easier time getting a study permit as you can demonstrate that you are a ‘low-risk’ applicant.
At the end of the day, there is no one easy way to get a Canadian visa. However, if you follow the application process and meet all of the requirements, you should have a good chance of getting your study permit approved.
You will get an eligibility letter in the mail informing you whether your application has been approved or denied.
If your application is approved, you will receive your study permit in the mail. If your application is denied, you will receive a letter explaining why and what your next steps are.
When it comes to the processing time, it varies depending on the country you are applying from, as well as the time of year.
Generally speaking, processing times are around two to three months to get a decision on your study permit application. However, if you are applying from a country with a high volume of applications (such as India or China), it can take up to six months to get a decision.
Additionally, the processing time can be longer if you apply during peak times (such as the summer).
So, while there is no definite answer on how long it takes to get approved for a student visa in Canada, you can generally expect it to take two to three months.
A student visa in Canada is valid for the length of your program, plus an additional 90 days. So, if you are enrolled in a four-year degree program, your student visa will be valid for four years and 90 days.
It is important to note that your study permit is not a travel document. So, even if your study permit expires while you are still in Canada, you will still be able to stay in the country as long as you maintain your student status.
However, if you want to leave Canada and re-enter at any point, you will need to make sure that your study permit is still valid.
So there you have it! That is everything you need to know about Canadian student visa fees. Remember, the application fee is CAD 150, and the processing time can take up to six months. The process is simple, and as long as you meet all the requirements, you should have no problem getting your study permit approved.
We hope this article was helpful. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to reach out to us in the comments section below!
If it weren’t for the scholarship essay, applying for scholarships would be a breeze because it requires us to think deeply about who we are as individuals and what we’ve done in our lives up to this point.
Although it has the potential to be the most challenging component of the programme, it is also the component with the most significance.
Your scholarship essay allows you to advocate for yourself and demonstrate to the selection committee why you should be awarded the scholarship.
It enables you to display your own personality and the accomplishments in the life of which you are the proudest.
Your scholarship application should include information, but your scholarship essay should convince the committee that you should get the award.
Because scholarship judges often read hundreds or even thousands of scholarship essays, differentiating your application from the other candidates is very necessary.
To your good fortune, you do not need to possess impeccable writing talents to make it happen. It won’t be difficult for you to take your scholarship application to the next level if you just keep a few scholarship essay ideas and methods in mind.
If you put off writing your scholarship essay until the very last minute, the quality of it will probably suffer as a result.
Create a calendar listing the due dates and other criteria for each of the scholarships you want to apply for to guarantee that you will have sufficient time for the planning portion of the project.
Make sure you allow yourself plenty of time to think up ideas and check your work before submitting it!
Knowing exactly what the scholarship committee is looking for is the most effective method to satisfy their requirements and win them over as potential recipients.
Determine who their ideal candidate is and how you fit into the image they have created for themselves.
However, take caution not to give in to their demands and expectations of an excessive amount.
You should not compromise your voice or individuality to fulfil the requirements.
Instead, you should focus on your skills and then figure out how you can use those qualities to make yourself the best candidate.
Even though it would seem to be one of the more apparent scholarship essay recommendations, many candidates make their first error before they even begin writing their scholarship essays: they don’t read the guidelines.
This is one of the most common mistakes. Because it demonstrates that you did not prepare this scholarship essay as well as other candidates, exceeding (or failing to meet) the word limit might be detrimental to your chances of being selected.
In addition, be sure that you have followed the right structure for the scholarship essay and that you have responded fully to all of the portions of the question that you have been given.
Your choice of subject may significantly affect how well the rest of your scholarship essay comes out.
Suppose you want your personality and enthusiasm to come through in your writing. If you choose a subject that doesn’t interest you, chances are it won’t interest your audience either. In that case, it’s best to select a subject that you’re enthusiastic about or that interests you in some manner rather than one that you feel you should write about since it will give you the best chance of success.
When you write a scholarship essay about yourself, don’t add any false details
The identical scholarship essay question is used for many different scholarship essays. Some scholarship sponsors even make use of the questions from the Common Application, while others give you the freedom to choose your own subject.
This indicates that you can just copy and paste your scholarship essay to submit it for several applications (great!).
In other instances, scholarships may pose questions or provide scholarship essay topics that are quite similar to one another and can be replied to in the same manner.
Instead of producing a whole new scholarship essay from scratch, you may try making some little adjustments to an old one instead. For example, the following two prompts often have the same appropriate response:
Another prompt that looks similar include
If you already have the essay written for one of these topics, you can often modify it so that it responds to the other challenge as well.
This is because conquering adversity frequently leads to increased levels of personal development.
Because it is the section of the scholarship essay responsible for drawing in the reader and persuading them to continue reading, the introduction should be one of the most powerful aspects of the scholarship essay.
Why not grab the attention of your reader right away with a startling opening sentence rather than by providing a basic summary to begin with?
For instance, which of these two beginning lines is more effective at drawing you into the story? Which one gives you the most motivation to go on?
My first trip outside of the country was with my family to Mexico in 2010, where we spent our holiday.
It was 2010, and I had just entered Mexico. Little did I know that my life was about to take an unexpected turn.
The second phrase provides the reader with something to look for; it gets them interested in how your life changed during your vacation and why it changed. It poses questions that are left unanswered for the readers, so they have no choice but to continue reading to discover the solutions.
Think of this as the textual equivalent of a movie trailer; you want to offer the reader a sneak peek at what they may anticipate finding in your scholarship essay.
In general, you will want to give your reader a fast preview of what they can anticipate finding in your scholarship essay. What are some of the reasons why people should keep reading?
After the beginning, you need to ensure that your reader can easily follow up with the rest of your scholarship essay without exerting excessive effort.
Making a simple plan is an excellent way to guarantee this will occur!
Organizing your ideas is the first step in developing an outline. Take some time to jot down the most important ideas you want to discuss in your scholarship essay. After that, you should arrange those ideas into several parts, such as an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.
Your thoughts may be expressed in the form of whole sentences, phrases, or even just single words, whatever you find most convenient. Lastly, you should ensure that your thoughts flow in a logical sequence and, if further explanation is required beneath each point, bring it in.
In addition, make an effort to avoid wandering off on a tangent by carefully considering the facts at hand and deciding which pieces of data are essential and which are not. Similarly, think about how much specific information you need to offer.
Your topic may become more understandable or convincing if you include some details, but excessive information may cause your scholarship essay to get bogged down.
When done well, connecting with an audience via writing may result in a solid connection between the reader and the author. However, this kind of connection is only possible when the writing is done correctly.
Getting the reader emotionally immersed in what they are reading and helping them connect with the content of your scholarship essay may be accomplished in several ways.
Exhibiting emotion in your writing might help the reader connect with you more personally rather than seeing you as a faceless author.
People have a terrible habit of ignoring this particular piece of advice about scholarship essays, even though it is one of the essential guidelines.
It’s important to remember that we all have weak spots, so you shouldn’t be embarrassed to display yours. Scholarship committees do not want you to be flawless; instead, they are interested in seeing how you have developed as a person and how you have dealt with the challenges that life has presented to you.
Suppose you speak up about instances when you were worried or terrified. In that case, you are demonstrating maturity and self-awareness, which are fantastic attributes to have if you apply for a scholarship.
Show your reader what you’ve been through rather than just telling them about it. Do not be hesitant to share real-world instances of the lessons you’ve learned or how you’ve developed as a person.
Your personal statement or examples are your opportunity to make your scholarship essay stand out from the crowd of other applicants’ generic responses to the scholarship essay topic, which means you should take advantage of this opportunity.
Compare the following two sections that describe the applicant’s motivations for wanting to pursue a career in science:
VERSION 1: Even when I was very little, I was always fascinated by many scientific topics. I continued to follow my passion throughout the whole of my education since my family warmly supported it. But as I’ve become older, the challenges presented by my scientific activities have become more difficult.
VERSION 2: Due to my age, I could not participate in the school’s scientific fairs; thus, I turned to my family. I conducted an experiment in which I graphed the results of force-feeding my family members several sorts of animal food and observing which ones they preferred. My family has never forgiven me for something I did when I was just six years old; my “experiments” continue to be a source of laughter among the family. Despite this, I had moved on from the days when I taste-tested dog food and am now doing investigations using DNA gel electrophoresis.
Which of these is more interesting? Even if everything is explained in Version 1, and it may be a well-written document, you have to admit that it’s not very interesting. Version 2 brings the topic to life and reveals the eccentric personality of the author.
Version 1 might have been written by anybody (and possibly quite a few candidates), but only Version 2 could have been written by Lauren. This exemplifies the effectiveness of using “show, don’t tell” in communication. It lends to her ability to stand out.
One of the essential pieces of advice for writing a scholarship essay is to focus on establishing your viewpoint and tone. Nobody is interested in reading a narrative that is miserable and full of self-pity.
Even if you are writing about challenging or upsetting events that have occurred in your life, make an effort to keep the tone upbeat and motivational.
Focus on how you improved as a person due to the experience and how you overcame the challenge rather than just writing about how the incident adversely impacted you.
Most individuals use the conclusion just to summarise the whole scholarship essay. However, don’t be frightened to think of something completely different!
Try to think of something unexpected and original to do. Your scholarship essay should be engaging and attention-grabbing to succeed from the first letter to the last period.
Leaving your readers with an intriguing question to ponder after you’ve presented the conclusion of your argument is a fantastic strategy for taking your conclusion to the next level.
It doesn’t matter how much we’d want to think that we’re flawless; the truth is that we all make errors. That’s why it’s so crucial to spend some time proofreading your scholarship essay. Reading your scholarship essay aloud is a wonderful approach to spot errors, so make sure you do it.
When you have completed the task of proofreading your own scholarship essay a few times, you should then get it proofread by another person.
The act of soliciting assistance from a member of your family or a close friend might give you a fresh viewpoint on your work, as well as the possibility that they will see an error that you missed.
You don’t have to accomplish everything on your own when it comes to writing; you may get help from others.
If you are currently enrolled in college, your school most likely has a writing centre where students may go to get free critique and help and also other scholarship essay examples.
They could even have some intelligent scholarship essay suggestions that you (or we!) haven’t thought of yet that they’d be willing to share with you.
It’s possible that certain municipalities, high schools, and libraries also provide the same kinds of services.
Finding the right education scholarship can be a daunting task. There are so many out there, and they all seem to have different requirements. How do you know which one is right for you? And how do you go about finding it?
There are both private and federal government scholarships available to students. It is important to research both options to find the best fit for you.
In this article, we will share how you can find the perfect education scholarship for you.
A scholarship is a form of financial aid that helps students pay for their education. Scholarships are typically awarded based on academic merit, but there are also many need-based scholarships available.
Scholarships are also available for backward students, physically handicapped students, and students with other unique talents or circumstances.
Scholarships can be very competitive so it is important to start your search early. Many scholarships have deadlines as early as a year before you plan to start school.
There are mainly two types of scholarships: need-based and merit-based.
1. Need-based: Need-based scholarships are awarded to students based on their financial needs. These scholarships are typically awarded by the government or private organizations.
2. Merit-based: Merit-based scholarships are awarded to students based on their academic, athletic, or other achievements. These scholarships can be awarded by the government, private organizations, or colleges and universities.
For example, the Bilateral Education Agreement BEA is for qualified Nigerians to participate in the test. It’s a type of Federal Government scholarship that is offered by the Federal Scholarship Board, which can be applied by interested and qualified Nigerians.
There are many different types of scholarships available to students. Some of the most common include:
As the name suggests, academic scholarships are awarded to students based on their academic achievement. These scholarships are offered by both colleges and universities, as well as private organizations. These scholarships can be highly competitive because they are based on merit. You will need to have excellent grades to be considered for an academic scholarship.
Athletic scholarships are awarded to student-athletes who show promise in their chosen sport. These scholarships are offered by colleges and universities to attract top athletes to their programs. Athletic scholarships can be extremely competitive, as there are often more athletes vying for them than there are scholarships available.
Need-based scholarships are awarded to students based on their financial needs. These scholarships are often offered by colleges and universities, as well as private organizations. The Federal Ministry of Education also offers multiple need-based scholarships for students from low-income families.
Full scholarships are awarded to students who will be attending college or university on a full-time basis. These scholarships cover all of the costs associated with attendance, including tuition, books, and room and board. Full scholarships are extremely competitive and are often only awarded to students with exceptional academic records.
You can guess by the name, but partial scholarships are not as generous as full scholarships. As the name suggests, partial scholarships only cover a portion of the costs associated with attendance. These scholarships are often awarded based on academic achievement or financial need.
There are several scholarships available specifically for women. These scholarships are offered by colleges and universities, as well as private organizations. Many of these scholarships are need-based, but there are also several merit-based scholarships available.
There are also other types of scholarships available, such as minority scholarships and military scholarships. You can learn more about these types of scholarships by doing a search online or talking to your financial aid office.
So now that we know one or two things about scholarships, let’s get into how you can go about finding the perfect scholarship for your needs.
The first step in finding the perfect scholarship is to figure out what type of scholarship you need. Are you looking for a need-based scholarship? Or are you looking for a merit-based scholarship? Once you know what type of scholarship you need, you can narrow your search to scholarships that fit your criteria.
If you’re not already attending college or university, then you’ll need to choose a school before you can apply for scholarships. Talk to your parents, teachers, and guidance counselors to get their input on which schools would be a good fit for you. Once you’ve narrowed down your list of schools, you can start looking for scholarships.
There are a number of ways to search for scholarships. You can start by doing a search online. There are a number of websites that offer scholarship databases. These websites allow you to search for scholarships by keyword, location, or type.
Another way to search for scholarships is to talk to your financial aid office. The staff at your financial aid office can help you find scholarships that fit your needs.
If you know other students who are attending college or university, ask them about their scholarships. They may be able to give you some helpful information about the process of finding and applying for scholarships. You can join social media groups or forums to connect with other students who are searching for scholarships.
Each scholarship has different qualifications that you must meet in order to be eligible. Make sure you understand the qualifications before you apply for a scholarship. There’s no point in applying for a scholarship if you don’t meet the qualifications.
Having high scores and grades will double your chances of getting a scholarship. You also have to work on your communication and leadership skills. Many scholarships are given to students who demonstrate leadership potential. You might have to go through a computer-based test or an interview process to prove your leadership skills.
The best way to get a scholarship is to talk to your university council. They know all about scholarships and can guide you in the right direction. You should also visit the financial aid office at your school and talk to them about your options. If you’re still not sure about which scholarships to apply for, you can always ask for help from a professional scholarship consultant.
The process of finding and applying for scholarships can be time-consuming and frustrating. It’s important to stay positive throughout the process. Remember that there are a number of resources available to help you find the perfect scholarship. Don’t give up if you don’t get the first scholarship you apply for. Keep searching and eventually, you’ll find the right scholarship for you.
So there you have it! These are just a few tips to help you find the perfect scholarship. The process of finding and applying for scholarships can be time-consuming, but it’s definitely worth it. So don’t give up and keep searching until you find the right scholarship for you. Good luck!
A scholarship is an award of financial aid for a student to further their education. Scholarships are awarded based on various criteria, which usually reflect the donor’s or organization’s values and purposes. Awards may be need-based, merit-based, or athlete-based. Scholarships are often made possible by donors who wish to support students in achieving their educational goals, including to study abroad.
Some organizations also offer scholarships as a way to promote their mission or values. For example, many study abroad scholarships are available to minority or disadvantaged students who might not otherwise have the opportunity to pursue higher education. Scholarships for international students can make a significant difference in a student’s ability to afford college, and they are an important source of financial aid.
Scholarships and grants are both types of financial aid that can help you pay for college. The main difference between the two is that scholarships are typically based on academic achievement or athletic ability, while grants are usually need-based. Both scholarships and grants can come from the government, private organizations, or colleges themselves. Scholarships and grants can be used to cover tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, or other educational expenses. If you receive a scholarship or grant, you may be required to maintain a certain grade point average or participate in community service. Be sure to research the requirements before accepting any financial aid. By understanding the differences between scholarships and grants, you can make the best decisions for your future.
Scholarships and student loans are two ways to finance your education. They both have their own set of pros and cons, so it’s important to understand the difference between the two before making a decision. With a scholarship, you don’t have to worry about repayment, which can be a huge relief. However, scholarships are often very competitive and may not cover the full cost of your education. Student loans, on the other hand, do need to be repaid, but you can usually take out enough to cover the entire cost of your education. The interest rates on student loans are also usually lower than those of other types of loans. Ultimately, the best way to finance your education is by researching all of your options and finding the option that best suits your needs.
Find more information about international student loans.
Scholarships are available to a wide range of people. There are scholarships for students who excel in academics, athletes, the arts, and more. There are also scholarships for students from specific groups, such as minorities, women, and LGBTQIA+ students. Some scholarships are need-based, while others are merit-based.
To find out if you are eligible for any scholarships, you can search online or ask your guidance counselor.
Applying for scholarships can be time-consuming, but it is worth it if you are able to receive free money for college.
There are a number of scholarships and grants available to help students cover the costs of studying abroad. The Fulbright Program, for example, offers grants for U.S. citizens to study in other countries, while the International Student Financial Aid program provides need-based scholarships for international students studying in the United States.
There are also a number of private organizations that offer scholarships specifically for study abroad programs. These include the Institute of International Education, which offers a number of scholarships for students from developing countries, and The Fund for Education Abroad, which provides need-based grants to U.S. citizens and Permanent Residents.
Students should also check with their home universities to see if they offer any type of funding for study abroad programs. Many universities have study abroad offices that can provide information on scholarship and grant opportunities.
Finally, there are a number of government-sponsored programs that provide financial assistance for study abroad programs, such as the Gilman Scholarship Program and the Freeman-Asia Program. Each of these programs has different eligibility requirements, so students should consult the websites for more information.
In short, there are many options available for those who wish to study abroad but lack the financial resources to do so. With a little bit of research, most students should be able to find a way to fund their studies.
For many students, the opportunity to study abroad is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Phi Kappa Phi Study Abroad Grants provide funding for undergraduate and graduate students to participate in a variety of international learning opportunities, including short-term courses, summer programs, research projects, and more. The grants are open to all majors and disciplines and can be used to support study in any country around the world. In addition to the financial support that the grants provide, recipients also become part of a community of scholars who are committed to promoting global understanding and cooperation. If you are considering studying abroad, I encourage you to apply for a Phi Kappa Phi Study Abroad Grant. It is an opportunity that you will never forget.
The Fund for Education Abroad (FEA) provides scholarships and ongoing support to students who are underrepresented among the U.S. study abroad population. FEA makes life-changing, international experiences accessible to all by supporting students of color, community college, and first-generation college students before, during, and after they participate in education abroad programs. Their support helps students access high-quality education abroad programs and make the most of their international experience. FEA also provides guidance and resources to help students navigate the process of planning for, financing, and discerning the best study abroad program for them. In addition, FEA’s scholarships and programming help to diversify the faces of American study abroad and build a more globally engaged society by making opportunities available to those who might not otherwise have access to them. By supporting students of color and first-generation college students, FEA is helping to ensure that everyone has a chance to benefit from the transformational power of international education.
The Gilman Scholarship Program offers scholarships for undergraduate students to study abroad. The program is open to U.S. citizens who are receiving federal Pell Grant funding at a participating school. The program aims to diversify the students who study abroad and the locations where they study. Scholarships are awarded for study in a wide range of countries, including those that are underrepresented in study abroad. The Gilman Scholarship Program was established in 2001 and is named after retired congressman Benjamin A. Gilman. Since its inception, the program has awarded more than 28,000 scholarships totaling more than $60 million. Studies have shown that students who study abroad are more likely to succeed in their academic careers and have better employment prospects after graduation. In addition, studying abroad can help students develop a better understanding of other cultures and provide them with skills that are highly valued by employers. The Gilman Scholarship Program provides an excellent opportunity for undergraduates to gain the skills and knowledge that will benefit them throughout their academic careers and beyond.
Rotary International Scholarships & Grants. Every year, Rotary International awards scholarships and grants to students around the world. The organization offers a wide range of opportunities for students of all backgrounds and academic interests, making it one of the most generous organizations in the world. For example, the Rotary International Scholarship offers up to $26,000 per year for students wishing to study abroad. The organization also offers a number of grants for students wishing to pursue research projects or participate in service programs. In addition, Rotary International provides financial assistance to families in need and supports a number of other charitable initiatives. As a result, Rotary International is an excellent resource for students wishing to further their education or engage in service-learning opportunities.
Graduate-only scholarships for study abroad are becoming increasingly popular as more and more students recognize the benefits of gaining an international education. These scholarships offer a unique opportunity to learn about new cultures and gain valuable skills that can be difficult to acquire at home. In addition, graduate-only scholarships often provide funding for travel and living expenses, making them an ideal way to finance an extended period of overseas study. As the demand for these scholarships grows, so does the competition. However, there are still many opportunities available for those who are willing to do their research and apply early. By taking advantage of these scholarships, you can give yourself a distinct advantage in the global marketplace.
Since its inception in 1959, the Churchill Foundation Scholarship has been awarded to over 1,300 American students. The Scholarship provides funding for up to three years of study at Churchill College, Cambridge University in England. In order to be eligible, applicants must be U.S. citizens who are currently enrolled in an accredited college or university. They must also have a strong academic record and demonstrate financial need. The selection process is highly competitive, and only a small number of scholarships are awarded each year. However, the Churchill Foundation Scholarship provides recipients with an unparalleled opportunity to pursue their academic goals at one of the world’s most prestigious universities.
Program-specific scholarships can be a great way to finance your study abroad experience. While most scholarships are based on financial need or academic achievement, program-specific scholarships are awarded by individual colleges and universities to students who are planning to study abroad on a specific program. As a result, these scholarships can be very competitive. However, if you are planning to study abroad on a specific program, it is definitely worth doing some research to see if there are any program-specific scholarships that you may be eligible for. The extra funding could make all the difference in whether or not you are able to participate in your dream study abroad program.
There are many ways to search for scholarships. You can start by looking online or in directories at your library. Once you find a few scholarships that you may be eligible for, the next step is to fill out an application. Depending on the scholarship, the application process can vary. Some scholarships may require an essay, while others may only ask for basic personal information. It is important to pay close attention to the requirements for each scholarship and to follow the instructions carefully. If you take the time to fill out your applications correctly and submit all of the required materials, you will increase your chances of being awarded a scholarship abroad for master’s degree.